Drawing glove

 

Jau kopš seniem laikiem cimdi bijuši gan aizsargmehānisms, gan greznuma elements. Senās Romas un Grieķijas dāmas cimdus valkāja ne tikai dodoties savās ikdienas gaitās, bet arī ēdot. Viduslaiku zemnieku kārtas ļaudis valkāja kaut ko, kas vairāk līdzinājās mūsdienu dūrainim, nekā pirkstainim, bet augstdzimuši ļaudis greznojās ar smalkākiem izstrādājumiem, kas bieži tika rotāti ar izšuvumiem un dārgakmeņiem. Karavīri un mednieki savukārt nēsāja cimdus, darinātus no ādas vai dzelzs cimdus ar ādas oderi. Cimdiem bieži bijusi arī simboliska nozīme. Karaļu, baznīcas kungu un augstdzimušo cimdi tika bagātīgi rotāti ar zelta, sudraba diegiem un dārgakmeņiem, lai simbolizētu to nozīmi un varu sabiedrībā, bet paukotāja cimds ar atlokiem tika nomests ienaidnieka priekšā, pie kājām, lai to izaicinātu uz cīņu vai dueli. 16. gs. Itālijā un Spānijā cimdus nēsāja arī iesmaržinātus. Taču 17. un 18. gs. ādas un zīda cimdi ar bagātīgiem ornamentiem bija neatņemama sastāvdaļa abu dzimumu garderobē. Sākot ar 19. gs. 20. gadiem etiķete pieprasīja, lai dāmas rokas būtu tērptas cimdos visās dzīves situācijās (līdzīgi kā 1950. gadu modē vēlāk). 19. gs. priekšroka tika dota īsiem, lavandas krāsas vai gaišiem cimdiem ikdienā, bet pie vakartērpa tika vikti gari cimdi līdz elkoņiem un, gadsimta beigās, vēl garāki. Pat mājas apstākļos 19. gs. dāma dažreiz izvēlējās vilkt tīkliņveida cimdus. Auduma cimdi popularitāti ieguva pēc 1. Pasaules kara, bet 1950. gados dabīgo ādu cimdu modē sāka aizstāt sintētiskie izstrādājumi. Arī mūsdienās cimdi sastopami visdažādākajās krāsās, garumos un veidoti no dažādiem materiāliem, atkarībā no valkātāja gaumes un ieceres – pat specializētie autovadītāju cimdi var sevī apvienot smalku dizainu, eleganci un funkcionalitāti.

From ancient times gloves were worn both as a protection and an embellishment. The ladies of ancient Greece and Rome protected their hands not only while out and about, but also while they were eating. In the Middle ages, the peasantry wore something like a mitten rather like what we are used to seeing today, but the privileged classes had finer gloves embellished with embroidery and precious stones. Soldiers and huntsman wore iron or leather gloves with a leather lining. Gloves often played a symbolic role as well. The gloves of kings and church leaders were richly ornamented with gold, silver and precious stones to demonstrate their high rank and importance, but a gauntlet, for example, was thrown down in front of a enemy as a challenge for a battle or duel. In the 16th century perfumed gloves were worn in Italy and Spain. In the 17th and 18th century both sexes were wearing richly embroidered leather and silk gloves. From the second quarter of 19th century until the turn of the twentieth century, etiquette demanded that a lady’s hands would be covered at all times (similar to the 1950’s later on). In the 19th century, short white or lavender kid gloves were preferred options during the day, but starting from the mid century, gloves for the evening became longer reaching to the elbow or upper arm by the end of the century. Net mittens were sometimes worn around the house. Fabric gloves began to be worn after WWI, but in the 1950’s, synthetic began to replace leather. Nowadays gloves of various materials, colors or lengths are indispensable to elegance, often embodying an element of a luxury item.

1821_painting_young woman with gloves

Young woman with gloves. Oil on canvas. Cordier O. 1821

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